The doctrine of Jesus Christ

The doctrine of Jesus Christ is a central tenet of Christianity, and it’s essential to explore the biblical foundations of this crucial teaching.

Let’s dive into the scriptural evidence that supports the statement: “Jesus is the Son of God, fully human and fully divine.”

The doctrine of Jesus Christ: Jesus is the Son of God, fully human and fully divine.

We depend on Jesus for salvation and so much more. The world, however, has different pictures of Jesus:

If he that cometh preacheth another Jesus, whom we have not preached, or [if] ye receive another spirit, which ye have not received, or another gospel, which ye have not accepted, ye might well bear with [him].

2 Corinthians 11:4

Apostle Paul warns us that people will preach a Jesus other than the true Son of God. They err quantitatively in that only the Jesus defined by the Bible exists. They also err in that a qualitative difference exists between the Biblical and heretical views of Jesus.

Only one Jesus eternally exists and serves as mankind’s only way to God.

Let’s look at the doctrine of the true Jesus Christ as presented in scripture.

Jesus Fully Human:

  • Human ancestry: The description of Jesus as a descendant of Abraham and David emphasizes His human lineage in Matthew 1:1-17 and Luke 3:23-38.

  • Human birth: Jesus was born of a woman, Mary, just like any other human being (Galatians 4:4, Luke 2:7).

  • Human emotions: Jesus experienced human emotions like joy (John 15:11), love (John 11:35-36), and sorrow (Matthew 26:38).

  1. Human limitations: Jesus was tired and thirsty, demonstrating His human frailty (John 4:6, Matthew 21:18).

  • Human death: Jesus died on the cross. Death is a fate common to all humanity (Romans 5:12, 1 Corinthians 15:22).

Jesus Fully Divine:

  • Pre-existence: Jesus existed before His human birth, as the eternal Word with God (John 1:1-2, 14).

  • Divine attributes: Jesus possessed divine attributes, such as omniscience (John 2:24-25, 6:64), omnipotence (Matthew 28:18, Luke 5:24), and eternity (John 8:58, Hebrews 13:8).

  • Divine authority: Jesus exercised divine authority, forgiving sins (Mark 2:1-12, Luke 5:20-26) and commanding nature (Mark 4:35-41, Luke 8:22-25).

  • Divine worship: Jesus received worship, a privilege reserved for God alone (Matthew 2:2, 14:33, John 9:35-38).

  • Divine titles: People referred to Jesus as God (John 1:1, 20:28, Hebrews 1:8-9), Lord (Romans 10:9, Philippians 2:9-11), and the Son of God (Matthew 3:17, 11:27, John 1:34).

The Hypostatic Union:

The Bible teaches Jesus is entirely human and entirely divine, yet He is one person. We refer to this paradoxical union as the Hypostatic Union.

While we cannot fully comprehend this mystery, Scripture affirms it through passages like:

  • Philippians 2:5-8: Jesus, though in the form of God, took on the form of a servant (humanity) and was obedient to the point of death on the cross.

  • Colossians 2:9: In Jesus, all the fullness of deity dwells in bodily form, emphasizing the union of His divine and human natures.

  • Hebrews 1:1-3: Jesus, the Son of God, is the exact representation of God’s nature, yet He is also the pioneer of our salvation, implying His humanity.

In conclusion, the Bible provides a rich tapestry of evidence to support the doctrine of Jesus Christ as the Son of God, fully human and fully divine. This paradoxical union is a mystery that has been the subject of theological debate and reflection throughout Christian history.

The importance of Jesus being fully human and fully divine

We cannot overstate the importance of Jesus being fully human and fully divine.

Here are some reasons this doctrine is crucial:

1. Salvation: If Jesus had not been fully human, He could not have represented humanity in His sacrifice, and He would not have atoned for our sins (Hebrews 2:14-17, 1 John 2:2). If He were not fully divine, His sacrifice would not have paid the price for our sins (Romans 3:24-25, 1 Peter 2:24).

2. Mediatorship: As both human and divine, Jesus serves as the perfect mediator between God and humanity (1 Timothy 2:5-6). He understands our human struggles and can empathize with us, while also being the divine Son of God who can reconcile us to the Father.

3. Incarnation: The hypostatic union shows the incredible condescension of God, who took on human flesh to redeem humanity (Philippians 2:5-8, John 1:14). This shows the depth of God’s love and commitment to our salvation.

4. Deity and Worship: If Jesus were not fully divine, it would be idolatrous to worship Him. The Bible commands us to worship Jesus as God, and this is only possible if He is, in fact, divine (John 20:28, Hebrews 1:6, Revelation 5:12-14).

5. Christian Living: The fully human and fully divine nature of Jesus serves as a model for Christian living. We are called to follow His example, being both humanly vulnerable and divinely empowered (1 Peter 2:21, Ephesians 5:1-2).

6. Apologetics and Evangelism: The doctrine of Jesus’ divinity and humanity provides a strong foundation for apologetics and evangelism. It sets Christianity apart from other religions and provides a unique message of salvation through faith in Jesus Christ.

7. Trinitarian Theology: The hypostatic union is essential to understanding the Trinity. It shows the distinct yet inseparable nature of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19, 2 Corinthians 13:14).

8. Christological Heresies: The fully human and fully divine nature of Jesus serves as a safeguard against Christological heresies, such as Docetism (denying Jesus’ humanity) or Adoptionism (denying Jesus’ divinity).

In summary, the doctrine of Jesus Christ as fully human and fully divine is crucial for understanding salvation, mediatorship, incarnation, deity, worship, Christian living, apologetics, Trinitarian theology, and guarding against Christological heresies.

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